Cardio Metabolic Institute

Multi-Specialty Group located in Somerset, Monroe Twp, East Brunswick, and Edison, NJ

Medical experts estimate that as many as about one in four adults between the ages of 18-65 develop a bunion (hallux valgus). Because bunions progress and lead to pain and stiffness, get started on your personalized treatment plan at Cardio Metabolic Institute in Somerset, Monroe Township, or East Brunswick, New Jersey, right away. Book your bunion evaluation online or call your nearest clinic to speak with a team member.

Bunion Q & A

What causes bunions?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that develop at the base of your big toe, often due to inherited traits. For instance, if you have flat feet, high arches, or unstable joints, you have a higher risk of developing bunions.

In some cases, bunions are linked to your footwear. When you slip on high heels, pointy shoes, or snug-fitting shoes, for example, your big toe needs to find room for itself, which is often on top of or underneath your smaller toes. 

If you wear these types of shoes on a regular basis, your big toe starts to get used to its new position and your toe joint starts to change shape entirely.

It’s not just genetics and shoes that can cause bunions, although those are certainly major contributors. Your risk is also high due to:

  • Injury or trauma
  • Neuromuscular conditions, including polio
  • Arthritic conditions, especially rheumatoid arthritis 

You can develop a similar type of bony bump at the base of your big toe for the same reasons. This is known as a tailor’s bunion or bunionette. 

When should I see a podiatrist for my bunions?

Since bunions tend to worsen over time, the podiatry team at Cardio Metabolic Institute recommends having a bunion evaluation early on, even if your bunion doesn’t seem to be bothering you much. It’s especially important to come in right away if you’re experiencing:

  • Toe stiffness or limited range of motion
  • Redness, tenderness, or inflammation 
  • Thickened calluses or painful corns

With state-of-the-art diagnostic imaging available at each of the Cardio Metabolic Institute locations, your podiatrist can often determine the severity of your bunion deformity on the spot, so they can get you started on treatment quickly.

Do I need surgery to treat my bunions?

Possibly, although generally, the podiatry team at Cardio Metabolic Institute puts together a package of conservative therapies first to see if you get relief from bunion discomfort. Before going the surgical route, your podiatrist may recommend:

  • Custom orthotics 
  • Physical therapy
  • Changes in footwear 
  • Taping, strapping, and splinting
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

If nonsurgical treatments aren’t effective or if your bunion deformity is severe, your podiatrist could suggest bunion surgery (bunionectomy). 

This modern and minimally invasive procedure is tailored to you and can involve removing your bony bump, realigning your big toe, and removing damaged bone fragments or tissues. 

The podiatry team at Cardio Metabolic Institute cares for you every step of the way to ensure you don’t live another day with bunion pain. 

You have plenty of options for bunion relief at Cardio Metabolic Institute. Find out more by booking an exam online or over the phone with your most convenient office.